Thomas Edison transformed American industry and culture with his inventions, such as the phonograph and the motion picture camera. He also developed a long-lasting electric light bulb and founded General Electric.
Henry Ford: Brought automobiles to the masses through his Ford Motor Co. and pioneered the use of assembly-line manufacturing. In this 1927 photo, Ford drives his company's first vehicle, the Quadricycle.
Credit Edward G. Malindine / Topical Press Agency/Getty Images
Walt Disney: Revolutionized animation and inspired iconic characters, stories and Walt Disney Co. theme parks that have become a permanent fixture in popular culture. Disney posed with a Donald Duck character while reading from Alice in Wonderland during a 1951 movie premiere in London.
Credit Rene Macura / AP
Bill Gates: Brought cheap, usable software to the masses and helped shepherd in the age of the Internet – though some business pundits cast him as more innovator than visionary. The Microsoft co-founder, seen in this September 2002 photo, went on to become one of the world's richest people.
Credit Justin Sullivan / Getty Images
Steve Jobs: Co-founded Apple Computer, which radically changed the way people use computers through the use of the mouse and user-friendly operating systems. Developed the iPod, iPhone and iPad as well as the iTunes online music store. In this April 2010 photo, Jobs unveiled the new iPhone OS4 software in Cupertino, Calif.
Credit Hulton Archive / Getty Images
Thomas Alva Edison: Transformed American industry and culture by inventing the phonograph and the motion picture camera and developing a long-lasting electric light bulb. Known as the Wizard of Menlo Park, Edison also founded General Electric. In this photo from 1877, Edison stands with the phonograph.
Credit Justin Sullivan / Getty Images
Steve Jobs speaks announces the new iPhone OS4 software in Cupertino, Calif., in 2010.
Visionary. Uncompromising. Intuitive. Risk-taking. Steve Jobs — the man who helped build a company and used it to transform multiple industries and popular culture — could have been lifted from the pages of a college textbook on how to be a successful CEO.
He was "the most incredible businessperson in the world," Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak told CBS News on Thursday, a day after Jobs' death.
Originally published on Sun October 9, 2011 5:06 am
A few weeks ago, dismal economic reports seemed to be pointing to one conclusion: The economy was slipping into another recession. Investors fled the stock market, pundits predicted doom and political leaders pointed fingers, trying to fix blame for a faltering economy.
Originally published on Fri October 7, 2011 11:44 am
Crowds protested in Pakistan's major cities Friday, against the death sentence handed down last week to the self-confessed killer of Punjab province's Gov. Salman Taseer. One of the governor's bodyguards, Mumtaz Qadri, shot him in cold blood outside a café in Islamabad in January.
Religious parties supporting Qadri rallied in solidarity one day after Qadri filed an appeal challenging the death sentence handed down by an anti-terror court.
Italian leader Silvio Berlusconi is in trouble again, after making an obscene joke at his own ruling party's expense. The quip is the latest in a series of scandals that have nettled the prime minister. And it came at the end of a week that took a deep toll on Italy's economy.
From Italy, Sylvia Poggioli filed this report for our Newscast desk:
Obama is surrounded by former presidents in the Oval Office in 2009. Two of his predecessors — George W. Bush and Bill Clinton — won two terms, while two others — George H.W. Bush and Jimmy Carter — left office after just one.
On a morning of fierce street fighting, a wounded man is wheeled into a field hospital outside Sirte. The city was rocked by explosions, and Libyan National Transitional Council fighters were targeted by pro-Gadhafi snipers.
In Libya, revolutionary fighters staged a full assault on Sirte early Friday, trying to subdue the town that now serves as a bastion for fighters loyal to Moammar Gadhafi. The coastal city, Gadhafi's hometown, was attacked from nearly all sides Friday, with many exchanges involving tanks, mortars, and rockets.
The same group that caused a ruckus by recommending against mammograms for women in their 40s is about to tell men that a routine blood test for prostate cancer does most of them more harm than good.
The problem is that the test doesn't do enough to save lives and subjects many men to additional tests and surgery. The side effects, including impotence and incontinence, outweigh the benefits for men in good heath, according to reports about the findings of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.
Originally published on Sat October 8, 2011 4:44 am
It's funny how some people are embarrassed by the state of their refrigerator – perhaps because it's full of beer and condiments and nothing else.
For me, it's the guilt of seeing off-color sausage or slimy lettuce disintegrating in my refrigerator drawer. Sadly, I am just another American prone to wasting food. Collectively, we waste about 55 million tons of the stuff a year, or 40 percent of the food supply, researchers estimate.
The economy added 103,000 jobs last month, but the unemployment rate stayed at 9.1 percent. That's according to Friday's report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Friday also marks the 10-year anniversary of the war in Afghanistan. Meanwhile, Sarah Palin and Chris Christie recently announced they'd sit out of the GOP presidential race. Michel Martin talks politics with Cynthia Tucker, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, and Mindy Finn, former advisor for Mitt Romney's 2008 presidential campaign.
The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize winners were named Friday: Yemeni activist Tawakkul Karman, Liberian president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Liberian activist and author Leymah Gbowee. Michel Martin discusses the winners and meaning of the prize with Kristian Berg Harpviken, who follows the Nobel Committee's process closely and directs the Peace Research Institute in Oslo.
Originally published on Fri October 7, 2011 9:25 am
At 1 p.m. ET on Oct. 7, 2001, President George W. Bush announced to the nation that "on my orders, the United States military has begun strikes against al-Qaida terrorist training camps and military installations of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan."
The annual Values Voter Summit is happening now in Washington, and if you want to hear what most of the Republican presidential contenders are telling the conservative activists, it's all online for the watching.
It may not be the sexiest piece of last year's health overhaul law, but it's one that has given small businesses and insurers a lot of heartburn. What exactly should be required when it comes to benefits?
And we're getting ready for what's expected to be the other major news of the morning — the 8:30 a.m. ET announcement from the Bureau of Labor Statistics about the September unemployment rate and how many jobs were or were not added to payrolls last month.
Palestinian protesters hold anti-U.S. placards during a demonstration in the West Bank city of Ramallah on Oct. 4 following the U.S. decision to cut off aid funds to the Palestinian Authority.
Credit Majdi Mohammed / AP
Palestinians gave President Mahmoud Abbas a hero's welcome last month after he called for Palestinian statehood at the U.N. But the U.S. has since frozen some assistance, which is hitting Palestinian development projects.
The Obama administration is urging Congress to rescind a decision blocking some aid to the Palestinians.
The congressional decision to put a hold on $200 million of aid money was prompted by the Palestinian Authority's bid for statehood recognition at the United Nations — something both the administration and Congress oppose. The funding cut is already having an impact in the Palestinian territories.
Omid Kokabee, an Iranian who was studying physics at the University of Texas, Austin, was arrested when he returned home to Iran for a family visit. He went on trial in Tehran this week on charges related to espionage.
An Iranian who was studying physics in Texas went on trial in Tehran this week on charges related to espionage.
Omid Kokabee, 29, a graduate student at the University of Texas, Austin, went home to Iran to visit his family back in February. When Kokabee failed to return to Austin, his friends discovered he had been jailed and charged in Iran with communicating with a hostile government and taking illegal funds.
His case is only now becoming public knowledge, just a few weeks after Iran released two young Americans accused of espionage and held for more than two years.
A job seeker makes a list of his skills during a workshop in Burlingame, Calif., targeted toward people who have been out of work for at least six months. According to the Labor Department, there are now more than 2 million people who have been jobless for at least two years.
Long-term joblessness is one of the unfortunate legacies of the recession. Earlier this year, the Labor Department started tracking longer periods of unemployment. According to that data, there are now more than 2 million people who have been jobless for at least two years, and 700,000 of those have been looking for work for at least three years.
Though most central bankers hate inflation, policies that promote inflation may boost the U.S. economy, some economists say.
Ken Rogoff, former chief economist at the International Monetary Fund, says the Federal Reserve's efforts to boost growth haven't worked and the central bank needs to be more forceful.
"They need to be willing, in fact actively pursue, letting inflation rise a bit more," says Rogoff, who is now a professor at Harvard. "That would encourage consumption. It would encourage investment. It would bring housing prices into line."
Rick Perry's parents still live on Farm Market Road 618.
Credit Photos by Don Gonyea / NPR
After he left the Air Force in 1977, Rick Perry returned to Paint Creek, Texas, to be a dryland farmer. "Paint Creek reminds me of a sense of community that seems lost today. ... For me, Paint Creek was not merely an idea; it was the center of civilization, and everything else was an alternative universe," he wrote in his book On My Honor.
During his run for Texas agriculture commissioner, Rick Perry campaigned on his farming and ranching roots. Here, he's seen in a screen grab from one of those ads.
Last summer, immigration rights activists in Los Angeles gathered for a rally calling on the government to act on immigration overhaul legislation. Strong Latino support helped President Obama win in 2008, but his support among those voters is slipping.
Credit Saul Loeb / AFP/Getty Images
President Obama greets attendees after speaking during the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute's 34th Annual Awards Gala in Washington last month. The administration has been taking steps to win back the support of Latino voters.
Businessman and GOP presidential candidate Herman Cain has been taking advantage of his recent rise to fame. Since he won the Florida straw poll late last month, he is everywhere: appearing on Sunday talk shows, promoting his new book and taking every opportunity to try to maintain his momentum.
People like the way he talks. His frank, motivational style has come out in GOP debates and in speeches.
Pot dispensaries have flourished in California, one of 16 states where the use of medical marijuana is legal. But the federal government is now giving some of the state's pot shops 45 days to close down.
The state's four U.S. attorneys gave notice to at least 16 stores that they must close, or face criminal charges and the seizure of their property, according to the Associated Press.
News that a Florida legislator wants to bring back the banned activity of "dwarf tossing" has people shaking their heads, and wondering why in the world you would want to do something like that. Of course, they're also curious as to whether he'll succeed.
Hairy crabs are extremely popular in China. These were in a market in the eastern province of Jiangsu.
Credit Frank Langfitt / NPR
A crab fisherman plies Yangcheng Lake in the city of Suzhou, not far from Shanghai. The lake is reputed to produce the tastiest crabs in China, but most crabs raised in Yangcheng actually come from somewhere else.
Fake products permeate nearly every corner of China's economy. Earlier this year, the trend seemed to reach a new low when phony Apple stores were exposed in southwestern China.
Each fall, the fakery even extends to the world of seafood and East China's Yangcheng Lake, which is just a short train ride from Shanghai. Yangcheng is home to what are reputed to be China's tastiest and most expensive hairy crabs.
A Mexican soldier carries a marijuana plant that was found on a large plantation in Baja California state, near the border with the U.S., on July 15. The U.S. military has been stepping up its assistance to Mexico in the fight against drug cartels.